New Jersey Expungement Statutes
N.J.S. 2C:52-32.1. Petition for judicial determination of factual innocence for certain victims of identity theft.
2C:52-32.1. Identity theft victims; judicial determination of factual innocence; court order to delete, seal, label, or correct certain personal information in government records involving identity theft victim
a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, a person who reasonably believes that he is the victim of identity theft based on the commission of an offense under N.J.S.2C:21-1, section 1 of P.L.1983, c. 565 (C.2C:21-2.1), N.J.S.2C:21-17, or section 5 or 6 of P.L.2003, c. 184 (C.2C:21-17.2 or C.2C:21-17.3) may petition the court where the charge is pending or where the conviction was entered for a judicial determination of the victim's factual innocence, when:
(1) the perpetrator of the identity theft was arrested for, cited for, or convicted of a crime, offense, or violation of law under the victim's identity;
(2) a complaint for a crime, offense, or violation has been filed against the perpetrator in the victim's name; or
(3) the victim's identity has been mistakenly associated with a record of conviction.
If a charge is pending, the prosecutor may petition the court for a determination of factual innocence on behalf of the victim. Any judicial determination of factual innocence made pursuant to this section may be determined, with or without a hearing, upon declarations, affidavits, police reports, or other material, relevant, and reliable information submitted by the parties or ordered to be part of the record by the court. Where the court determines that the petition is meritorious and that there is no reasonable cause to believe that the victim committed the crime, offense, or violation for which the perpetrator of the identity theft was arrested, cited, convicted, or subject to a complaint for a crime, offense, or violation in the victim's name, or that the victim's identity has been mistakenly associated with a record of conviction, the court shall order that the victim's name and associated personal identifying information contained in the records, files, and indexes of relevant courts, law enforcement agencies, correctional institutions, and administrative agencies which are accessible to the public be deleted, sealed, labeled to show that such data is impersonated and does not reflect the defendant's identity, or corrected by inserting in the records the name of the perpetrator, if known or ascertainable, in lieu of the victim's name.
The court shall distribute such order or other appropriate notice to the prosecutor and administrative agencies to which a record of conviction may have been transmitted. The prosecutor shall distribute the order or notice to the relevant law enforcement agencies and correctional institutions so that they may comply with its provisions. The court shall provide the victim with a copy of the order or other appropriate documentation to aid in the resolution of any disabilities that may result from the arrest, charge, or conviction.
b. A victim seeking relief under this section shall not be required to comply with the requirements of chapter 52 of Title 2C of the New Jersey Statutes, but shall proceed in accordance with the rules and procedures promulgated by the Supreme Court.
c. A court that determines a victim's factual innocence pursuant to this section may at any time vacate that determination if the petition, or information submitted in support of the petition, contains material misrepresentation or fraud. If the court vacates such a determination, it shall issue an order rescinding any orders made pursuant to this section.
d. Any relief granted pursuant to this section shall not affect a victim's eligibility to apply for an expungement for any other offense pursuant to chapter 52 of Title 2C of the New Jersey Statutes.
e. Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, a petition for relief made pursuant to the provisions of this section shall not require the payment of any fee by the victim.
f. The Supreme Court may adopt rules and the Administrative Director of the Courts may issue directives to effectuate the purposes of this act.
g. The Attorney General may issue guidelines which may be necessary concerning procedures for law enforcement agencies or any other agencies in the criminal justice system to effectuate the purposes of this act.
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